Posted by: zyxo | August 11, 2009

New laws of robotics


ASIMO at Expo 2005 in Japan
Image via Wikipedia

I am sure you all know the three laws of robotics, invented by Isaac Asimov :
* A robot may not injure a human being, or through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
* A robot must obey orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
* A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

Are these the only necessary laws ? Are these three (good) enough ? Are there alternatives ?

Recently David Woods and Robin Murphy made up three new laws (Want responsible robotics? Start with responsible humans and The 3 Laws of Robotics – Modified) :

* A human may not deploy a robot without the human-robot work system meeting the highest legal and professional standards of safety and ethics.
* A robot must respond to humans as appropriate for their roles.
* A robot must be endowed with sufficient situated autonomy to protect its own existence as long as such protection provides smooth transfer of control which does not conflict with the First and Second Laws.

Two differences with the “old” ones :
1) the first law is for humans
2) the other law are less specific and hence applicable in more situations.

But Woods and Murphy are not the only ones to rework or discuss or suggest alternatives for the three original laws. Some examples :

Asimov himself : The zeroth law : A robot may not harm humanity, or, by inaction, allow humanity to come to harm

Asimov’s Laws of Robotics
Implications for Information Technology

HOW will a robot identify a human being?

3 laws unsafe
Asimov’s Laws of Robotics Are Total BS

ten ethical laws of robotics

open the future : five laws of roboticists

New Laws of Robotics proposed for US kill-bots

30 laws (not to taken seriously 🙂 ) :

And even a contest : Winner of the “Maker’s – Three laws of robotics contest

Humans, robots or Cyborgs ?

The most interesting issue here is the clear distinction Asimov makes between humans and robots. In his books, humans were pure humans, robots were 100% robots.
But our future world is not the world of Asimov. Nowadays many people are not 100% human any more : artificial hips, knees, teeth, eyes, hearth valves, pacemakers and whatever are more and more part of our humanity.

On the other hand, experimental robotics does not limit itself to metals or plastic. A recent experiment involved a living rat brain steering a sort of simple robot.

If we continue that way the differences between humans and robots will dissapear. But not only between humans and robots, but also between humans and some animals with enhanced brains (= implants will make them as smart as most humans).

So what about the laws of robotics ?
IMHO lawmakers will have to make laws for everyone, not making any difference of species, technical specifications or whatever you can disciminate between living beings.

Enjoyed this post ? Then you might be interested in the following :
– Web 5.0: The telepathic web
– Robotic insects or cyber-insects ?
– Self reassembling Robot
– Human brain copy protection by AnyMind Inc.
– Humans 2.0

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