Recently I saw this article where Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg claim that Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations
This raises a number of questions :
Are people who believe in one or more Gods more likely to remain less intelligent than non-believers?
Are intelligent people more likely to lose their faith (if they ever had any)?
Is there some other factor which causes people to believe in God AND be less intelligent ?
- quid GNP ?
- quid education levels ?
- quid democracy level ?
- quid freedom of press level ?
- quid female emancipation ?
And last but not least : what is IQ ? how is this measured ?
So there would be a lot of work to do to investigate all this. Unfortunately I do not have the time to include all the above factors in an analysis for this blog post. But just to give an idea I of what it could give, I added the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita.
OK let us start with IQ and % non-believers :
It is clear that in the countries with a large percentage of non-believers the IQ is on the average larger. However, the deviations from the exponential model are considerable. So let us take these deviations en see whether they are related to the GDP per capita :
We see a positive correlation. Which means that we can make a combinated model where the % non-believers equals to the sum of the two models :
% non-believers = 0,0003 * exp(à,1065*IQ) + 1,2513 + 0,3026*GDPcap
This is already a fairly good model, explaining 85% of the variance of the %-age of non-believers, as illustrated in following chart :
So does this explains something ? Only that % non-believers, IQ, and GDP per capita show concurring trends among countries. All three move in the same direction. Take for example the relationship between GDP per capita and IQ.
What can we learn from this ?
Does this mean that if you increase the GDP per capita, the IQ will follow ?
Or does it mean that the IQ-tests measure the extend to which someone is adapted to the life of the rich countries ?
This would lead us to a discussion about the validity of IQ-tests. But that is a totally different story.
To continue the discussion if religion is something for stupid people. Is it not so that people who believe in some God can support on their belief to cope with the problems in life ? Is that not one of the reasons that natural selection has favored religion ? So from that point of view it is relatively stupid not to firmly believe in your God.
One last remark : It would be interesting to do the math with data about people who live in similar (wealth) circumstances, who had the same education. I think it is irrelevant to compare countries as different as France or Mali on this subject.